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Review Lesson 19

Review Lesson 19

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Review Lesson 19


Hello! We have learned a lot in these last few lessons. Let us take a moment to review what we have learned.

First, we learned to use the preposition “of”, which has many varied uses. The preposition "of" is sometimes used to express possession. For example, Jennifer might say "Mrs. Smith is a friend of mine." This sentence means that Jennifer has several friends, and that Mrs. Smith is one of these friends. The preposition "of" is sometimes used to describe part of a whole. For example, we might say "I want a piece of cake." The preposition "of" is sometimes used to discuss the container of a substance. For example, we could say "David wants a glass of water”. The preposition "of" is sometimes used to describe a distance relative to a specified point. For example, we could say that "The school is west of the office building." We can sometimes use the preposition "of" to ascribe a quality to someone or something. For example, when Mr. Johnson gives the workers a big raise, we can say "That is nice of him."

Then, we learned to qualify some of our words with the adverbs "very”, “a little," and "somewhat". We can use these words to qualify our adjectives and adverbs. These expressions increase the degree of the adjective or adverb they qualify. “Very” is used to emphasize the degree of an adjective, for example “David is a very good cook”. “A little” and “somewhat” are used to lessen the degree of an adjective, for example “David is a little worried” or “James is somewhat happy”.

Finally, we learned to use the word "since". The word "since" can serve many different grammatical functions in a sentence. It can work as a preposition, an adverb, and a conjunction.The most common meaning of the word "since” is between a particular past time continuously until the present. When we use the word "since" with this meaning, we usually use the present perfect tense or the present perfect continuous tense, which gives us a time frame which spans a time from the past to and including the present. For example, using the present perfect tense, we can say "Jennifer and David have lived in their neighborhood since August." Using the present perfect continuous tense, we could say "David has been working in the yard since early this morning." The word "since" is also used to mean because. When we use the word "since" to mean because, we do not need to use the present perfect or the present perfect continuous tense, but we can use these tenses if the situation calls for them. For example, we could say "Jennifer ordered a cup of coffee, since she does not like tea."

Great! Now that you have reviewed each of these concepts, you have reinforced the knowledge you have learned thus far.