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Review Lesson 23

Review Lesson 23

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Review Lesson 23


Hello! We have learned a lot in these last few lessons. Let us take a moment to review what we have learned.

First, we learned to use the preposition “for”. In the most common usage of the preposition "for", its meaning is an intention to make something belong to someone. For example, we might say "I baked this dessert for you." “For” can also mean in the interests of something or someone. For example, "David works for his boss." The preposition "for" sometimes means in order to acquire something, or in the direction toward a destination. For example, we could say "Jennifer works for money" or we might say "The man started for San Francisco this morning”. The preposition "for" sometimes means with regard to or with respect to something or someone. We might say "We do not have time for dessert." It is used to express a duration of time or to indicate a specific time. For example, we might say "David will work late every day for two weeks."

 

Then, we learned how to use the conjunction “because” which puts clauses together to answer the question “why”. It is used with a clause which explains the reason for something. We learned that the conjunction "because” can be used in either the first clause or the second clause, although it is by far more common in the second clause than in the first one. For example, we can say "The girl is crying because she is sad.", which is the most common way of ordering the clauses of the sentence. But we can also say "Because she is sad, she is crying." We learned that the "because" clause explains the reason for the other clause.

 

Then, we learned to discuss countries and nationalities. The formation of nationality and language names does not follow any set rules. However there are several groups of nationalities and languages. In most cases, thename for a person from a specific country and the adjective describing that country are derived from the country name. Often, the words for the person and the adjective are the same. One group of names for persons and adjectives is derived from the country names with a suffix  "-an" or   "-ian", such as the country Australia and the adjective “australian”. Another very common pattern adds the suffix "-ese" to a form of the name of the country, such as the country China and the adjective “chinese”. The plural form of the people from these countries is the same as the singular. Another common pattern adds "-ish" to a form of the country name to form the adjective, such as the country England and the adjective “english”. The name for a person from that country is not the same word as the adjective.


Finally, we learned to use the words "whatever, whichever, however, whoever, wherever," and "whenever". Notice that all of the compound words end with the word "ever". As it is used in these compound words, the word "ever" means: any one of them or any one. So the compound word "whatever" means: any one place thing or idea; the compound word "whichever" means: any one thing; the compound word "however" means: any one way or method; the compound word "whoever" means: any one person or any one group of people; the compound word "wherever" means: any one place; the compound word "whenever" means: any one time.

Great! Now that you have reviewed each of these concepts, you have reinforced the knowledge you have learned thus far.