Deprecated: iconv_set_encoding(): Use of iconv.internal_encoding is deprecated in /home/studyvid/public_html/libraries/joomla/string/string.php on line 28

Deprecated: iconv_set_encoding(): Use of iconv.input_encoding is deprecated in /home/studyvid/public_html/libraries/joomla/string/string.php on line 29

Deprecated: iconv_set_encoding(): Use of iconv.output_encoding is deprecated in /home/studyvid/public_html/libraries/joomla/string/string.php on line 30

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/studyvid/public_html/libraries/joomla/filter/input.php on line 652
Geographic Locations

Geographic Locations

Alternative flash content

Requirements

 

Geographic Locations

 

 

Hello! In this lesson, we will learn to discuss various geographic locations. In previous lessons, we have learned to use the prepositions "in, on, over, under, beside, to," and "for". We have also learned to discuss countries and nationalities.

In this lesson, we will learn to discuss generic geographic areas.
In this lesson, we will discuss some destinations.
We can use the familiar preposition "to" to go "to the mountains", "to the country", or "to the city".

On the way to "the mountains", we might see "a hill", "a trail", "a meadow", and "a stream". While we are "in the mountains", we might see "a cliff", "a falls", and "a river".

While we are "in the mountains", we might "go hiking: or "go climbing".

On the way to "the country", we might see "a creek", "a farm", and "a road."

While we are "in the country", we might "go fishing" "go birdwatching".

When we are "in the city", we might see "a monument", "a skyscraper", and "a highway".We might "go shopping" or "go sightseeing".

Now that we have seen some of the words for geographic locations, let us listen to the dialog. David and Jennifer have three days off. They are deciding where they can go.

David: We have three days! We should go on a road trip!

Jennifer: Where should we go? Shopping in the city?

David: Fishing in the country?

Jennifer: Hiking and climbing in the mountains?

David: We have three days! We can go shopping in the city …

Jennifer:  … fishing in a creek in the country …

David: ..  hikingon a trail beside a mountain stream …

Jennifer:  … driving all night with no sleep …

Now that we have heard the dialog, let us examine the sentences more carefully.

David starts the conversation by saying "We have three days! We should go on a road trip!". Notice that David is using the modal verb "should" to recommend an activity – "a road trip".  David and Jennifer have a car. They will drive their car on a "road trip".

Jennifer says "Where should we go? Shopping in the city?". Many expressions for activities use the verb "go" and a verb with the "-ing" ending; Jennifer uses the expression "go shopping" in her question. She might also have said "Where should we go – go shopping in the city?" or "Should we go shopping in the city?".

David adds "Fishing in the country?" In this sentence, David makes use of the words "should" and "go" that were used previously. David's entire sentence would be "Should we go fishing in the country?". Since both David and Jennifer know that they are discussing where they "should go", they do not need to add these words to each suggested activity.

Jennifer adds "Hiking and climbing in the mountains?".Jennifer's entire utterance would be "Should we go hiking in the mountains? Should we go climbing in the mountains?", but since the words "should we go" are common to all the suggestions, the words do not need to be repeated as long as the conversationalists have mentioned them.

David says "We have three days! We can go shopping in the city …" With this sentence, David introduces the words "We can go …". The following sentences will add on to these words.

Jenifer adds "… fishing in a creek in the country …". Her entire utterance would be "We can go fishing in a creek in the country.", but because David has already introduce the beginning of the recommendation: "We can go …". Jennifer does not need to repeat the beginning part of the sentence.

David adds "…  hiking on a trail beside a mountain stream …". With this phrase, David adds o the previous sentences. His entire statement would be "We can go hiking on a trail beside a mountain stream.". But he does not need to repeat the beginning of the sentence, since it is understood to be part of the previous list of recommendations.

And Jennifer wraps up the list by saying "… driving all night with no sleep …". Again, Jennifer hooks onto the ongoing list of "-ing" verbs. She does not need to add the previous part of the statement, because both know this is just one more verb in a long list of verbs in the "-ing" form. She might also have said "driving all night without sleep.". We have not yet worked on the prepositions "with" and "without", but we will look at them in an upcoming lesson.

Now that we have examined the sentences I the dialog, let us listen to the dialog again. Listen for the various geographic locations.

David: We have three days! We should go on a road trip!

Jennifer: Where should we go? Shopping in the city?

David: Fishing in the country?

Jennifer: Hiking and climbing in the mountains?

David: We have three days! We can go shopping in the city …

Jennifer:  … fishing in a creek in the country …

David: ..  hiking on a trail beside a mountain stream …

Jennifer:  … driving all night with no sleep …

Outstanding! We have learned some very useful expressions in this lesson. We can discuss trips to the mountains, country, and city. We can discuss activities like hiking and fishing. Talk about your past vacations and plans for future vacations in your English conversations.