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Verbs - Review of Verb Tenses

Verbs - Review of Verb Tenses

 

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Review of Verb Tenses


Hello! In this lesson, we will review the verb tenses we have learned so far. We have learned how to use the simple present tense, the present progressive, the simple past, the present perfect, and the future. In addition, we have learned some conditional uses of the modal verbs.

We have learned to form regular and irregular forms in the simple present, simple past, and present perfect. Let's take a look at a completely regular verb in all its tenses as a review.  

"To cook" is a completely regular verb.
Simple present:  " I / you / we/ they  cook", "he / she / it cooks"
Present progressive: " I am cooking", "you / we/ they / are cooking"  "he / she / it is cooking"
Simple past: "I / you / we /they / he / she / it  cooked"
Present perfect: " I / you / we / they have cooked",  "he/ she / it has cooked"
Future:  "I / you / we / they / he / she /  it  will cook"
Modal: "I / you/ we / they / he / she / it   "can/could , may/might, will/would, shall/should"

Let us take a look at an irregular verb. "To have" an irregular verb.    
Simple present:  " I / you / we/ they  have", "he / she / it has"
Present progressive: " I am having/ you / we/ they / are having"  "he / she / it is having"

Simple past: "I / you / we /they / he / she / it  had"
Present perfect: " I / you / we / they have had"  "he/ she / it has had"
Future:  "I / you / we / they / he / she /  it  will have"
Modal: "I / you/ we / they / he / she / it "  "can/could , may/might, will/would, shall/should   have"

Let's listen to a dialog between David and Jennifer. In this dialog, David has once again lost his car keys. Jennifer walks in on him while he is looking around for the car keys.


Jennifer:  What are you doing?

David: (looking around under papers, etc.) What do you think?

Jennifer: Did you lose your keys again?

David: Yes, I hoped I could find them before you found out.

Jennifer: Why? I've helped you find them in the past.

David: Yes, but I am embarrassed.  I always lose my keys. It is a bad habit.

Jennifer:  That is okay. I always help you find them.

David: Someday you might get upset with me.

Jennifer: I will never get upset with you. But I might laugh about your habit of losing your keys.

Let us look at the various tenses in this normal dialog.

 Jennifer starts by saying "What are you doing?". She is using the present progressive tense. Another way of asking might be "What are you up to?".

David is embarrassed. He asks "What do you think?". He is using the simple present tense. He could also have said "What do you imagine?".

Jennifer catches on to the predicament. She asks "Did you lose your keys again?". She is using the simple past tense. She could also have used the present perfect, since David is involved in trying to find them" "Have you lost your keys again?".She also could have asked "Are you looking for your keys again?".

David answers: "Yes, I hoped I could find them before you found out.". Notice that David uses all simple past tenses in his sentence. He could have said "I wanted to find them before you found out."

Jennifer is hurt by David's statement. She asks "Why? I have helped you find them in the past.". Her use of the present perfect indicates that she is not finished helping him; her action of helping him find his lost keys continues into the present in some way. She could also have said "I have always helped you find them.", which also indicates a willingness to continue helping him into the present time.

David uses the simple present tense: "Yes, but I am embarrassed. I always lose my keys. It is a bad habit.".  He could have said "But I am embarrassed by my habit of losing my keys.". In this case, David is using the simple present tense to indicate activity that happens over and over.

Jennifer uses the simple present tense as well to indicate something that happens over and over. "That is okay," she says. "I always help you find them.". She could have said "That is alright." or "Do not worry." "I help you find them every time.".

David is concerned. He says "Someday you might get upset with me.". We notice that David is using the modal verb might to indicate an indefinite future. He might say "Someday you could get upset with me." or "Maybe someday you will get upset with me." or "maybe someday you are going to get upset with me.".

Jennifer responds "I will never get upset with you. But I might laugh about your habit of losing your keys.". She could have responded "I am never going to get upset with you. But maybe I will laugh about your habit of losing your keys.".

Let us listen again. Listen to the various tenses and think about the nuance they add to the meanings of the sentences.

Jennifer:  What are you doing?

David: (looking around under papers, etc.) What do you think?

Jennifer: Did you lose your keys again?

David: Yes, I hoped I could find them before you found out.

Jennifer: Why? I've helped you find them in the past.

David: Yes, but I am embarrassed.  I always lose my keys. It is a bad habit.

Jennifer:  That is okay. I always help you find them.

David: Someday you might get upset with me.

Jennifer: I will never get upset with you. But I might laugh about your habit of losing your keys.

Wonderful! You have reviewed all the verb tenses that we have learned. "You have learned a lot of English. You will enjoy talking English with your friends."