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Review Lesson 31

Review Lesson 31


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Review Lesson 31

Hello! We have learned a lot in these last few lessons. Let us take a moment to review what we have learned.

First, we reviewed the verb tenses we have learned so far: the simple present tense, the present progressive, the simple past, the present perfect, and the future, as well as some conditional uses of modal verbs. We have also learned to form regular and irregular forms in the simple present, simple past, and present perfect.

Then, we learned where to use capital letters, or upper case letters. We learned that when we say to "capitalize" a word, we mean that we use a capital letter for the first letter of that word, not all the letters in the word.

We usually capitalize the first word of a sentence, unless the first word is a word that is never capitalized or whose meaning changes when it is capitalized.

We usually capitalize the first word of a quoted sentence, unless the first word is never capitalized. We always capitalize proper nouns, days of the week, months, holidays, and the names of geographic locations with specific names.

We capitalize a person's title when it is used with his or her name, or when it is used as part of a person's signature.

We capitalize the titles of government officials when the titles are used with the names of the persons, especially when we address the person directly.

We capitalize directions (such as south, north, east, west) when they refer to a specific region.

We capitalize the first and last words of publications and movies.

We capitalize the word "Federal, State, Department, Office, Bureau, Agency" and similar words when they are part of an official agency name.

We capitalize the greeting in a letter.

We capitalize the first word of the closing of a letter.

We capitalize words that come from proper nouns. Also, the pronoun "I" is always capitalized in English.

Finally, we learned the prepositions "with" and "without". There are several ways of using the preposition "with". The most common usage means: accompanying. For example, "David is going to the museum with Jennifer."

Another common usage means: characterized by having. For example. "Mr. Johnson is the older man with white hair."

We sometimes use the preposition "with" to indicate by what means we accomplish a task. For example, "I cut the beef with a knife."

A similar use of the preposition "with" means: by use of or for the use of: We might say "The bag is filled with groceries."

We sometimes use the preposition "with" to tell the manner in which a task is performed. For example, we might say "The children draw their pictures with care".

Sometimes the preposition "with" means: against, for example, "The man argues with his boss." The preposition "without" means: lacking. For example, we might say: "David goes fishing without Jennifer."

We can use the prepositions "with" and "without" with nouns and pronouns. For example, we might say "Jennifer goes fishing with David, but she doesn't want to go with him”.

Great! Now that you have reviewed each of these concepts, you have reinforced the knowledge you have learned thus far.