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Contractions - Part 1

Contractions - Part 1

 

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Contractions -1

 

Hello! In this lesson, we will learn to form and use contractions. Contractions are shortened forms of some words in which a part of the word has been removed. The part that is removed is replaced with an apostrophe. Contractions are used in normal speech and in informal writing.

We use many contractions of the negative word "not". Here is an alphabetical list of the negatives which are often used in their contraction form with an example of their usage:

"are not" becomes"aren't"

"David and Jennifer are not going to wash the car." -> "David and Jennifer aren't going to wash the car."

"cannot" becomes  "can't"

"David, you cannot wear that shirt to the party." becomes "David, you can't wear that shirt to the party."

"could not" becomes "couldn't"

"David could not get the car started." becomes "David couldn't get the car started."

"did not" becomes "didn't"

"Jennifer did not have breakfast this morning." becomes Jennifer didn't have breakfast this morning."

"does not" becomes  "doesn't"

"David does not want to wear a good shirt to the party." becomes "David doesn't want to wear a good shirt to the party."

"do not"  becomes "don't"

"David and Jennifer do not live near the school." becomes David and Jennifer don’t live near the school."

"had not" becomes "hadn't"
"David had not seen the house since it was painted." becomes "David hadn't seen the house since it was painted." *

"hasnot" becomes"hasn't"

"Jennifer has not gone to the store yet." becomes "Jennifer hasn't gone to the store yet."

"have not" becomes "haven't"

"David and Jennifer have not had lunch yet." becomes "David and Jennifer haven't had lunch yet."

"is not" becomes  "isn't"

"David is not standing beside Mr. Johnson." becomes "David isn't standing beside Mr. Johnson."  

"might not" becomes "mightn't"*

"I might not look for a new job." becomes "I mightn't look for a new job."**

"must not" becomes "mustn't"*

"You must not forget to wash your hands.""You mustn't forget to wash your hands."

"shall not becomes "shan't"*

"I shall not go to the airport with you." becomes "I shan't go to the airport with you." 

"should not" becomes  "shouldn't"

"You should not drive so fast." becomes "You shouldn't drive so fast."

"were not" becomes"weren't"

"Mr. and Mrs. Smith were not at the office party." becomes "Mr. and Mrs. Smith weren't at the office party."

"will not" becomes "won't"

"The visitors will not be at the airport." becomes "The visitors won’t be at the airport."

"would not" becomes  "wouldn't"

"If David did not have to work so much, he would not look for a new job."becomes "If David didn't have to work so much, he wouldn't look for a new job."

We also use contractions with the verbs "to be" and "to have".
Here is an alphabetical list of contractions with the verb "to be" and examples of how they are used:

"he is" becomes "he'"s

"He is my cousin James." becomes "He's my cousin James."

"I am" becomes"I'm"

"I am very happy to see you." becomes "I'm very happy to see you."

"she is" becomes  "she's"

"She is going in Mr. Smith's car." becomes "She's going in Mrs. Smith's car."

"that is" becomes "that's"

"That is your oldest and ugliest shirt." becomes "That's your oldest and ugliest shirt."

"there is" becomes "there's"

"There is a new school on the corner." becomes "There's a new school on the corner."

"they are" becomes  "they're"

"They are going to New York City next month." becomes "They're going to New York City next month."

"what are" becomes "what're"

"What are you doing now?" becomes "What're you doing now?"

"what is" becomes "what's"

"What is that?" becomes "What's that?"

"where is" becomes "where's"

"Where is my new blue scarf?" becomes "Where's my new blue scarf?"

"who has", "who is " becomes "who's'"

"Who has been in the kitchen?" becomes "Who's been in the kitchen?"

"Who is your favorite American author?" becomes "Who's your favorite American author?"

"who are" becomes "who're"

"Who are those two people?" becomes "Who're those two people?"

"you are" becomes "you're"

"You are going to work late today, aren't you?" "You're going to work late today, aren't you?"

Great! Now you have learned some of the most common contractions used in English. Contractions are used every day in every speaking situation. You hear them on TV, on the internet, and in every conversation and speech. You read them in magazines, books, and letters. They are worth the time you will spend memorizing them, since you will use them in every English-speaking situation.

In an upcoming lesson, we will learn the remainder of the contractions we use in English.