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Contractions - Part 2

Contractions - Part 2

 

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Contractions -2


Hello! In this lesson, we will learn to form and use more contractions. As we learned in a previous lesson, contractions are shortened forms of some words in which a part of the word has been removed. The part that is removed is replaced with an apostrophe. Contractions are used in normal speech and in informal writing.

In a previous lesson, we learned the contractions that are formed from words when "not" and forms of the verb "to be" are shortened. In this lesson, we will learn all the other contractions used in English. You will notice we have seen some of the following contractions in a previous lesson. That is because some of the contractions have more than one meaning. As usual, we must discern the meaning of a word from its context.

We usually do not use contractions when a form of "to have" is the main verb. We use the contracted form of "to have" when the verb "to have" serves as an auxiliary verb in the sentence.

"he had", "he would"  becomes"he'd"

"David said he had seen Mrs. Smith downtown." becomes "David said he'd seen Mrs. Smith downtown."*

"If David had to work late every night, he would look for a new job." becomes "If David had to work late every night, he'd look for a new job."

"he will" becomes  "he'll"

"He will eat dinner at 6:00 this evening." becomes "He'll eat dinner at 6:00 this evening."


"I had", "I would" becomes "I'd"

"If I had seen the car, I would have stopped." becomes "If I'd seen the car, I'd have stopped." *

"I will", "I shall" becomes "I'll"

"If it gets cold, I will close the window." becomes "If it gets cold, I'll close the window."

"If it gets cold, I shall close the window." becomes "If it gets cold, I'll close the window."

"I have" becomes "I've"

"I have looked everywhere for my blue scarf." becomes "I've looked everywhere for my blue scarf."

"let us" becomes "let's"

"Let us go to the movie with Mr. and Mrs. Smith tonight." becomes "Let's goto the movie with Mr. and Mrs. Smith tonight."

"she had","she would" becomes "she'd"

"If she had known they needed more tuna, she would have bought some more of it."

"If she'd known they needed more tuna, she'd have bought some more of it."

"she will" becomes "she'll"

"She will meet David at a restaurant." becomes "She'll meet David at a restaurant."

"she has" becomes "she's"

"She has always helped David." becomes "She's always helped David."

"that has" becomes  "that's"
"That has been true in the past." becomes "That's been true in the past."

"there has" becomes "there's"

"There has always been a big hole in the street in front of their house." becomes "There's always been a big hole in the street in front of their house."

"they had","they would"  becomes "they'd"

"If they had received the invitation, they would have gone to the party." becomes "If they'd received the invitation, they'd have gone to the party."*

"they will" becomes "they'll"

"They will paint the kitchen next week." becomes "They'll paint the kitchen next week."

"they have" becomes "they've"

"They have already met Mr. and Mrs. Smith." becomes "They've already met Mr. and Mrs. Smith."

"we had","we would" becomes "we'd"

"If we had known you were in town, we would have planned dinner together." becomes "If we'd known you were in town, we'd have planned dinner together."

"we have" becomes  "we've"

"We have been living here for three years." becomes "We've been living here for three years."

"what will" becomes "what'll"
"What will you say to your boss?" becomes "What'll you say to your boss?"

"what has" becomes"what's"
"What has Mr. Smith seen?" becomes "What's Mr. Smith seen?"

"what have" becomes "what've"
"What have the children found?" becomes "What've the children found?"

"where has" becomes "where's"
"Where has the car been?" becomes "Where's the car been?"

"who has" becomes"who's"
"Who has driven on this road before?" becomes "Who's driven on this road before?"


"who had","who would" becomes "who'd"
"Who had seen this area before they built a school here?" "Who'd seen this area before they built a school here?"
"Who would like to taste the cake?" "Who'd like to taste the cake?"

"who will" becomes "who'll"  
"Who will help David with his work?" becomes "Who'll help David with his work?"

"who has" becomes "who's"
"Who has tasted the potato salad? becomes "Who's tasted the potato salad?"

"who have" becomes "who've"
"These are the children who have talked to the teacher." becomes "These are the children who've talked to the teacher."*

"you had","you would" becomes "you'd"
"If you had listened in class, you would know the answer." becomes "If you'd listened in class, you'd know the answer."*

"you will" becomes "you'll"
"You will see the school on the corner." becomes "You'll see the school on the corner."

"you have" becomes "you've"
"You have lived here for three years." becomes "You've lived here for three years."

Wonderful work! You have now learned how to form and use all the contractions that we use in English! "You'll enjoy using contractions!"