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Whatever, Whichever, However, Whoever, Wherever, Whenever

Whatever, Whichever, However, Whoever, Wherever, Whenever

 

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Whatever, whichever, however, whoever, wherever, whenever


Hello! In this lesson, we will learn to use the words "whatever, whichever, however, whoever, wherever," and "whenever".

Notice that all of the compound words end with the word "ever".

As it is used in these compound words, the word "ever" means: any one of them or any one.

So the compound word "whatever" means: any one place thing or idea; the compound word "whichever" means: any one thing; the compound word "however" means: any one way or method; the compound word "whoever" means: any one person or any one group of people; the compound word "wherever" means: any one place; the compound word "whenever" means: any one time.

Now that we know the meanings of these helpful words, let us look at some examples of their use.

"James can study whatever he wants in summer school."

"Jennifer will do whatever the doctor tells her."

"You can choose whichever books you want at the library."

"It is a difficult class whichever teacher you have."

"Dress however you want for the party."

"David will write the report however his boss wants."

"Whoever ate my cookies is in trouble."

"Whoever signs up early can get a free meal."

"You can go wherever you want."

"Wherever you go, follow the speed limit."

"Jennifer and David will leave the party whenever they get tired."

"You can return my book whenever you are finished reading it.

Now that you have an idea of how to use these compound words, let us listen to the dialog. In this dialog, Jennifer and David are planning to take Jennifer's nephew James to lunch and a movie.

Jennifer: Are we picking James up?

David: His mom is bringing him here whenever he gets ready.

Jennifer: When will that be?

David: We are going for lunch first, so he'll be ready whenever he gets hungry.

Jennifer: Which movie are we going to see?

David: He can choose whichever movie he wants.

Jennifer: Which theater are we going to?

David: Wherever James wants.

Jennifer: What are we doing after the movie – whatever James wants?

David: No -- we're taking him home!

Jennifer starts the conversation by asking "Are we picking James up?". She wants to know if they will be: translate (picking James up in their car). There are other similar questions she could have asked. She could have asked "Is James riding with us?" or "Is James' mom dropping him off here?" or "Are we going to pick James up?".

David answers "His mom is bringing him here whenever he gets ready.". He could have said "His mom is dropping him off whenever he is ready." or "His mom is bringing him here whenever he's ready.". The expression "whenever" means that the time is undefined. "whenever he gets ready" means: translate whenever he gets ready.

Jennifer asks "When will that be?". Since the term "whenever" is undefined, Jennifer is understandably frustrated to find out that James will be arriving "whenever he gets ready". She could have asked "When will James be ready?" or "What time will that be?" or "What time will James be ready?".

David clears up the question somewhat by answering "We are going for lunch first, so he'll be ready whenever he gets hungry.". Since they are going to lunch first, Jennifer has a general idea of the time James will arrive.

Jennifer asks "Which movie are we going to see?" to which David answers "He can choose whichever movie he wants.". Since the word "whichever" is very vague, Jennifer does not get much information from this answer. However, so knows that James likes movies about outer space, ships, and swimming, she can guess the kind of movie they will be seeing. David could have answered "We will see whichever movie James chooses." or "We can let James choose whichever movie he likes.".

Jennifer asks "Which theater are we going to?" to which David replies "Wherever James wants.". He could have answered "We can go wherever James wants to go." or "Let's go wherever James wants to go.".

Jennifer is getting a little bit tired of the pattern – going wherever James wants and seeing whichever movie James chooses, so her next question is no surprise: "What are we doing after the movie – whatever James wants?". She might have asked "Where are we going after the movie -- wherever James wants?" or "When is James going home – whenever he wants?".

But David doesn't plan to give James everything he wants all the time. He answers "No – we're taking him home!". He could have said "No – he's going home whenever we want!" or "No – we're taking him home whenever we want to!".

Now that you know how to use the words "whatever, whichever, however, whoever, wherever," and "whenever", listen to the dialog again.

Jennifer: Are we picking James up?

David: His mom is bringing him here whenever he gets ready.

Jennifer: When will that be?

David: We are going for lunch first, so he'll be ready whenever he gets hungry.

Jennifer: Which movie are we going to see?

David: He can choose whichever movie he wants.

Jennifer: Which theater are we going to?

David: Wherever James wants.

Jennifer: What are we doing after the movie – whatever James wants?

David: No -- we're taking him home!

Wonderful! You have learned to use the words "whatever, whichever, however, whoever, wherever," and "whenever". "Use them whenever you want!".