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Introduction to Nouns

Introduction to Nouns

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Nouns

Part 1 -Introduction to nouns



Hello! In this lesson, we will learn about the use of nouns in English. Nouns are words which usually refer to a person, place, or thing. For example, some common nouns are: “man”, “tree”, “house”, “car”, and “apple”. All of the objects which make up our universe are nouns. Let us look at using nouns in some simple sentences.

The man is tall.

In this sentence, “man” is a noun because it denotes a person.

The park is big.

In this sentence, “park” is a noun because it denotes a place.

The tree is green.

In this sentence, “tree” is a noun because it denotes a thing.


Each of these example uses a noun together with the conjugated form of the verb “to be” and an adjective which gives us more information about the noun to which it refers. We will learn in future lessons that it is possible to use many different verbs together with nouns.
Let us now listen to a short dialog. Pay particular attention to the nouns and where they are placed in each sentence. In this dialog, Jennifer and David are at the beach.


Jennifer: The sun is very hot.

David: Yes, the sun is very hot.

Jennifer: A boat is on the water.

David: The boat is big. A man is on the boat.

Jennifer: A woman is also on the boat.

Now let us look at each sentence more closely and look for the nouns in each sentence. In the first sentence, Jennifer says “The sun is very hot.” In this sentence, the word “sun” is an noun because it refers to an object.

In the second sentence, David responds “Yes, the sun is very hot.” Again, in this sentence, the word “sun” is an noun because it refers to a thing.

Jennifer then says “A boat is on the water.” In this sentence there are two nouns, “boat” and “water” because both words refer to things.

David responds “ The boat is big.” Again the noun is “boat” He then says “ A man is on the boat.” There are two nouns in this sentence, “man” which refers to a person, and “boat” which refers to a thing.

In general, nouns may be freely substituted for each other in a sentence to achieve the desired meaning.

For example, let us look at the sentence “The man is big.” In this sentence, the word “man” is a noun because it refers to a person, place, or thing. Let us substitute other nouns for “man” in this sentence.

“The park is big.”

“The car is big.”

“The sun is big.”

Notice that in each of these sentences we are simply changing the specific noun in the sentence to change the sentence to achieve the desired meaning.

Let us look at another example of substituting nouns for each other in a sentence to achieve the desired meaning. For example, let us look at the sentence “The woman is beautiful.” In this sentence, the word “woman” is a noun because it refers to a person, place, or thing. Let us substitute other nouns for “woman” in this sentence.

“The park is beautiful.”

“The car is beautiful.”

“The boat is beautiful.”

Notice that in each of these sentences we are simply changing the specific noun in the sentence to change the sentence to achieve the desired meaning.

As you progress through the lessons of this course you will learn many more nouns that describe the people, places, and things around us.

Let us now listen to the dialog once again and pay special attention to the nouns you hear.

Jennifer: The sun is very hot.

David: Yes, the sun is very hot.

Jennifer: A boat is on the water.

David: The boat is big. A man is on the boat.

Jennifer: A woman is also on the boat.


Very good. Now that you have a basic understanding of using nouns, it is your turn to practice speaking in English.