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Who

Who

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Who


Hello! In this lesson we will learn the question word "who".  In a previous lesson, we learned that we can use the question word "what" to get information about something.

We can use the question word "who" to get information about  one or more persons.  The word "who" is neither formal nor informal. It can refer to a man, a woman, a group of men, a group of women, or a mixed group.

The answer to the question word "who" can be someone's name, several names, a noun denoting a person, a group of person, or a personal pronoun.For example, if we do not know a specific person, we can ask "Who is that?".

 A possible answer could be "That is Mr. Jones.".  Notice that we use the name "Mr. Jones" to answer the question "who". If we do not know two or more people, we might ask "Who are they?"

A possible answer might be "They are Mr. and Mrs. Jones." Another way of using the question word "who" is to determine which person or persons do something, like something, or want something. For example, we might ask "Who likes noodles?".

A possible answer might be "The children like noodles.". Notice that we use the noun "children" to answer the question "who". We might ask "Who drinks coffee?".

A possible answer might be "I drink coffee.".  Notice that in this case we use the personal pronoun "I" to answer the question "who".

Now that you have a basic understanding of the question word "who", let us listen to a dialog. In this dialog, Jennifer and David are getting ready for dinner guests. They are discussing which guests like which foods.

David:  Who likes beef?

Jennifer:  Mr. Jones likes beef.

David:  Whodrinks coffee?

Jennifer: Mrs. Smith and Mrs. Jones drink coffee.

David: Who eats chicken?

Jennifer: Mr. Smith eats chicken.

David:  Who likes vegetables?

Jennifer:  You know! I like vegetables!

David: Who is hungry?

Jennifer: I know! We are hungry!

Now that you have heard the dialog, let us look more closely at the sentences.
In the question "Who likes beef?", the word "likes" has an "s" at the end when it is used with the question word "who". In a previous lesson, we learned that we also say "he likes" and "she likes".

In the question "Who drinks coffee?" the word "drinks" has an "s" at the end. Notice that the answer to this question is "Mrs. Smith and Mrs. Jones drink coffee.".When David asked the question, he did not know if the answer would be one person or several people.

The question "Who likes vegetables?" is answered by "I like vegetables!". Notice that in this case, Jennifer used the personal pronoun "I" to answer the question when she said "You know! I like vegetables.".

The question "Who is hungry?" is answered by "We are hungry." Again, David did not know whether the answer to the question was one person or several people when he asked the question.

Now that you have learned more about the sentences, let us listen to the dialog again. Pay attention to the question word "who" and how it is used in the dialog.

David:  Who likes beef?

Jennifer:  Mr. Jones likes beef.

David:  Who drinks coffee?

Jennifer:  Mrs. Smith and Mrs. Jones drink coffee.

David:  Who eats chicken?

Jennifer:  Mr. Smith eats chicken.

David:  Who likes vegetables?

Jennifer:  You know! I like vegetables!

David: Who is hungry?

Jennifer: I know! We are hungry!

Wonderful! Now that you have learned the question word "who", you are ready to use it in your conversations in English.