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Review Lesson 7

Review Lesson 7

 

 

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Review Lesson 7


Hello! We have learned a lot in these last few lessons. Let us take a moment to review what we have learned.

First, we learned the question word “which”, a word that helps us discern the difference between and among people, places, things and ideas. We used the question word “which” when the options are limited. We may use the question word “which” to ask “Which do you want – chicken or beef?” We also reviewed the use of the pronouns “one” and “ones” and their relationship with the question word “which”. We use the pronouns “one” and “ones” with the question word “which” to eliminate repetition.

Then, we learned about the question “how much” and “how many” to ask about amounts of substances and numbers of items. We also learned some common expressions for indeterminate amounts, such as the expression "a few" for a small number of things, and the expression "a lot of" or "many" for a large number of things. We learned a concept that is commonly used in English, “count nouns”, which are nouns that refer to things that we can count, and “non-count nouns” which are nouns that refer to things that we do not count. “How much” is used to ask the amount of non-countable substances, and we use “How many” to ask the amount of countable substances.

Then, we learned about the question word “how”, which is used in common questions such as “How are you?”, “How do you do?” and “How do you feel?” In these questions, the question word how is used to inquire about a state of being. The answers to these questions are adjectives such as "fine, good, bad, happy, sad," or "tired". We also learned that the question word "how" is also used as a way of enquiring about the manner in which an action is performed, as well as the responses it elicits. We use adverbs to answer questions about the manner in which an action is performed.

Then, we learned about ordinal numbers. Ordinal numbers are used to express position or rank with respect to some order. The ordinal numbers can refer to anything from size, to importance, and chronology. They are considered adjectives, which we remember are words that modify a noun. We can say “The fourth letter of the alphabet is D”, referring to the letter D's position in the alphabet. There are three letters that come before D, so D is “fourth”. Notice that the word “fourth” is modifying the word “letter”.

 

Finally, we expanded our knowledge of the question word “what” to inquire about grammatical objects as it is different from inquiring about grammatical subjects.For example, in the sentence "Jennifer drinks coffee", the word "coffee" is the object. We would use the question word "what" to elicit the answer "coffee", like this: "What does Jennifer drink?" ("She drinks coffee".) The object is the noun or pronoun for the person, place, thing or idea that is acted upon.


Great! Now that you have reviewed each of these concepts, you have reinforced the knowledge you have learned thus far.