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The Verb - Do

The Verb - Do

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Requirements

 

Questions and Answers

Using the verb - do


Hello! In this lesson, we will learn about the use of the verb “do” to form simple questions and answers in English. This is a very common method of forming questions and answers, and will prove very valuable to improving your fluency in English. Let us begin by learning how to conjugate the verb “do” in the present tense.

do

I do

you do

he does

she does

it does

we do

they do


Notice that the verb “do” is not regular in the present tense and that the forms “he”, “she”, and “it” are conjugated as “does”. Now that we know how to conjugate the verb “do” we may look at examples of forming simple questions with this verb.

Do you eat vegetables?” is an example of a simple question using the verb “do”. The pattern of these simple questions is conjugated form of the verb “do” - noun or pronoun – main verb. The affirmative answer to this question is “Yes, I do eat vegetables.” or simply “Yes, I do.” The negative answer to this question is “No, I do not eat vegetables.” or simply “No, I do not.”


Does Jennifer like the beach?” is another example of a simple question using the verb “do”. The pattern of these simple questions is conjugated form of the verb “do” - noun or pronoun – main verb. The affirmative answer to this question is “Yes, she does like the beach.” or simply “Yes, she does.” The negative answer to this question is “No, she does not like the beach.” or simply “No, she does not.”

Do we go to the restaurant?” is another example of a simple question using the verb “do”. The pattern of these simple questions is conjugated form of the verb “do” - noun or pronoun – main verb. The affirmative answer to this question is “Yes, we go to the restaurant.” or simply “Yes, we do.” The negative answer to this question is “No, we do not go to the restaurant.” or simply “No, we do not.”

Let us look at several more examples of forming simple questions with the verb “do” and how we form the answers.
Do boys like girls?” The affirmative answer to this question is “Yes, boys do like girls.” or simply “Yes, they do.” The negative answer to this question is “No, boys do not like girls.” or simply “No, they do not.”


Do they run to the school?” The affirmative answer to this question is “Yes, they run to the school.” or simply “Yes, they do.” The negative answer to this question is “No, they do not run to the school.” or simply “No, they do not.”


Do you want coffee?” The affirmative answer to this question is “Yes, I do want coffee.” or simply “Yes, I do.” The negative answer to this question is “No, I do not want coffee.” or simply “No, I do not.”


Let us now listen to a simple dialog to see how the verb “do” is used to form simple questions and answers. In this dialog Jennifer is at a restaurant with David.


Jennifer: Do you like chicken?

David: No, I do not like chicken. Do you like beef?

Jennifer: Yes, I do. Do we want coffee?

David: No, I do not drink coffee.

Jennifer: Do you drink tea?

David: Yes, I do. Do we want rice?

Jennifer: No, we do not want rice. We want noodles.

David: Ok. We want beef and noodles and tea.



In this dialog Jennifer and David ask each other questions about what type of food and drink the other likes. Notice that the questions in this dialog are all formed beginning with “do you” or “do we” and that all the answers are formed with “I do” or “we do”. This pattern of questions and answers with the verb “do” is very common in English and we will encounter it many times during future lessons.

Let us listen again to this simple dialog, paying special attention to the use of the verb “do” to form simple questions and answers.


Jennifer: Do you like chicken?

David: No, I do not like chicken. Do you like beef?

Jennifer: Yes, I do. Do we want coffee?

David: No, I do not drink coffee.

Jennifer: Do you drink tea?

David:Yes, I do. Do we want rice?

Jennifer: No, we do not want rice. We want noodles.

David: Ok. We want beef and noodles and tea.



Very good. Now that you have a basic understanding of the use of the verb “do” to form simple questions and answers, it is your turn to practice speaking in English.