Deprecated: iconv_set_encoding(): Use of iconv.internal_encoding is deprecated in /home/studyvid/public_html/libraries/joomla/string/string.php on line 28

Deprecated: iconv_set_encoding(): Use of iconv.input_encoding is deprecated in /home/studyvid/public_html/libraries/joomla/string/string.php on line 29

Deprecated: iconv_set_encoding(): Use of iconv.output_encoding is deprecated in /home/studyvid/public_html/libraries/joomla/string/string.php on line 30

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/studyvid/public_html/libraries/joomla/filter/input.php on line 652
Introductions and Greetings

Introductions and Greetings

Alternative flash content

Requirements


Introductions and Greetings


Hello! In this lesson, we will learn personal introductions and greetings. We will begin by listening to a short dialogue and then we will examine each part of the conversation in more depth.
In this dialogue, David greets Mr. Jones and introduces him to Jennifer.

David: Hello Mr. Jones. How are you?

Mr. Jones:Good morning David. I am well. How are you?

David: I am fine, thank you.

David: Mr. Jones, this is Jennifer.

Mr. Jones: How do you do Jennifer. I am Mr. Jones.

Jennifer: How do you do Mr. Jones. I am pleased to meet you.

David: Goodbye Mr. Jones

Mr. Jones: Goodbye.

Jennifer: Good day.


Now let's look at each sentence more closely.


The first sentence begins with the most common greeting in English,“Hello”.


“Hello” may be used to greet people at any time of the day or night, and is used in both formal and informal conversation.


It is also very common to use the greeting “Hi”, although this is less formal and should not be used the first time that you meet someone.


A much less formal greeting is “Hey”, but this should only be used in very informal situations and with people that you are very familiar with, such as close friends and family.


It is customary when greeting someone in English to ask, “How are you?” This question may be considered rhetorical and does not always require an answer. A polite response to this question is, “I am fine, thank you.” or simply “Fine, thank you.” You may also supply a more detailed answer to this question if the situation warrants it. For example, you may reply “I am very happy to be here.” or “I am very tired today.”

In our dialogue, David introduces Jennifer to Mr.Jones. In English, this is may be accomplished in several similar ways:

by simply saying the name of each person “Jennifer, Mr.Jones”

by saying one person's name followed by “this is” and then the other person's name “Jennifer, this is Mr. Jones.”

by saying “This is Jennifer, this is Mr.Jones.”

When meeting a person for the first time, it is customary to ask “How do you do?” Again, thisquestion may be considered rhetorical and does not always require an answer. A typical answer to this question is the same as when asked “How are you?” A polite response to this question is, “I am fine, thank you.” or simply “Fine, thank you.”

It is always polite to follow an introduction to a new person with the expression “I am pleased to meet you.” or, in a less formal situation with “Nice to meet you”.

In addition to the common greetings that we have just learned, there are also greetings which are specific to the time of day when they are spoken. These are:

“Good morning” which is used in the morning before 12:00 pm

“Good afternoon” which is used in the afternoon until approximately 6:00 pm

“Good evening” which is used between 6:00 pm and morning

Each of these time specific greetings are considered formal and may be used in any situation in the place of any other greeting such as “Hello”.

To end the conversation, the common farewell expression, “Goodbye” is used. A less formal version of this is to simply say, “Bye”. If you are parting company during the day you may also say, “Good day.” and in the evening you may say, “Good night.” in place of “Goodbye”.

Now, let's listen to the dialogue once again and then you will practice speaking English.


David: Hello Mr. Jones. How are you?

Mr. Jones: Good morning David. I am well. How are you?

David: I am fine, thank you.

David:Mr. Jones, this is Jennifer.

Mr. Jones: How do you do Jennifer. I am Mr. Jones.

Jennifer: How do you do Mr. Jones. I am pleased to meet you.

David: Goodbye Mr. Jones

Mr. Jones: Goodbye.

Jennifer: Good day.

Very good. Now that you have a basic understanding of this conversation, it is time to reinforce these words in your mind and to begin speaking in English.