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Review Lesson 10

Review Lesson 10

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Review Lesson 10

Hello! We have learned a lot in these last few lessons. Let us take a moment to review what we have learned.

First, we learned the English cardinal numbers from eleven to twenty. We learned that the numbers system is complex but is run by patterns. Many of these numbers are composed from the names of numbers you have already learned. The number “eleven” must simply be memorized, as it does not derive its name from any other number. Notice that he numbers “twelve” and “twenty” each begin with the letters tw-, that is because they derive their names from the number “two”. The numbers “thirteen” to “nineteen” all follow a similar pattern. The name of each number begins with a form of the number ten less than it, and ends with the letters -teen.

Then, we learned about the use of the prepositions “to” and “from”. We learned that a preposition indicates a relation between things mentioned in a sentence. The preposition “to” indicates direction towards a goal.  When the goal is physical, such as a destination, "to" implies movement in the direction of the goal. When the goal is not a physical place, for instance, an action, "to" marks a verb; it is attached as an infinitive and expresses purpose. The preposition “from” is  used to indicate the source or origin of something. The prepositions “to” and “from” are also commonly used to indicate the transfer of an object amongst people.

Finally, we learned how to use the auxiliary verbs “have”, “need” and “must”, which are verbs functioning to give further information about the main verb following them. These auxiliary verbs indicate necessity. “Have” and “need” are used with the infinitive form of the main verb, while “must” is used with the infinitive form of the main verb without the word “to”. The verbs “have” and “need”, in general, indicate the necessity of an action by placing the verb “have” or “need” before the infinitive form of any other verb. The only difference in using “must” is that the we omit the word “to” between the auxiliary verb “must” and the main verb.

Great! Now that you have reviewed each of these concepts, you have reinforced the knowledge you have learned thus far.