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Review Lesson 11

Review Lesson 11

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Review Lesson 11

Hello! We have learned a lot in these last few lessons. Let us take a moment to review what we have learned.

First, we learned how to use the modal verb “can”. We learned that modal verbs are different from other verbs in that they do not change their forms in the present tense. The verb “can” is used in combination with the base form of another verb. The modal verb "can" means: to be able to.
We learned how to make declarative statements as well as formulate questions using the verb “can”. To form a question with the modal verb "can", we simply invert the subject and modal verb "can". To form a negative with the modal verb "can", we use the word "not" to form a new word - "cannot".

Then, we learned the English cardinal numbers twenty-one to one hundred. We learned about the “twenties”, “thirties”, “forties”, “fifties”, “sixties”, “seventies”, “eighties”, and “nineties”, and we ended at “one hundred”. We learned that every group of numbers has a similar incremental pattern, where the numbers one to nine latch on to the first portion of the number. We also learned that every number in the range from twenty-one to one hundred is written as two words separated by a hyphen, unless the second digit is zero.

Then, we learned about regular verbs in the past tense. We learned that regular verbs in the simple past tense are formed by adding "-ed" to the base form of the verb. If the base form of the verb ends in "e", we simply add "d" to the base form. We learned that we usually use the simple past tense with a specific time in the past. We also learned that the formation of questions in the past tense follows a pattern which is similar to question formation in the simple present tense with the auxiliary verb "do." In the simple past tense, we use the past form of "do", which is "did" with the base form of the verb. We learned that there are three pronunciation patterns with verbs in the regular past tense. The "-ed" ending of verbs whose base forms end in a voiceless soundis pronounced like "t". The "-ed" ending of verbs whose base forms end in a voiced sound is pronounced like "d". The "-ed" ending of verbs whose base form ends in "t" or "d" is pronounced like "id".

Finally, we learned about how to tell time in English. We learned that time is normally expressed using the twelve-hour clock. We learned that the most common way to ask for the current time is to ask “What time is it?” Whenever we are saying a time at the full hour, the time is followed by the word “o'clock”. To ask at what time a future event is taking place, simply ask “What time is...” followed by the event, followed by the preposition “at” to indicate a specific time. There are several different ways to express this time, as well each fifteen minute increment of time. For example, we call 3:30 “three-thirty” or “half-past three”. If the time was 3:15, we could call it “three fifteen” or “quarter past three”. If the time was 3:45, we could call it “three forty-five” or “quarter to four”. If we want to ask a specific time in the morning or evening, we can follow the time with either one of A.M., signifying the morning, or P.M., signifying the evening. We also learned that we express 12:00 in the morning as “midnight”, signifying the middle of the night. We express 12:00 in the afternoon as “noon” or “midday”.

Great! Now that you have reviewed each of these concepts, you have reinforced the knowledge you have learned thus far.