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Review Lesson 12

Review Lesson 12

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Review Lesson 12


Hello! We have learned a lot in these last few lessons. Let us take a moment to review what we have learned.

First, we learned the question word “when” to enquire about the time at which something takes place. We use the same word for past, present, and future, but in this lesson we only learned about asking about events in the past. We learned that in forming a question with the word "when", we usually place the word "when" at the beginning of the question. We learned that we use the question word “when” to ask questions which elicit a span of time, a specific time of day, or an ongoing activity as a response. The word “when” can be used for past, ongoing, regularly occurring, or future events, and it does not change form.

Then, we learned about the days of the week in English, which begin on Sunday and end on Saturday, and are always capitalized in a sentence. We also learned about the pluralization of the days of the week in order to express ongoing or regular events. For example, if we are talking about an event that takes place on a weekly basis, we add the letter -s to the end of the word, such as in the sentence “I work on Fridays”. Alternatively, if we are talking about a unique event, we do not add the letter -s, such as in the sentence “I work on Saturday”. The word “Saturday” without the letter -s denotes that this event is only taking place once.

 

Then, we learned to talk about the future using the modal auxiliary verb “will”, which works in a similar way as the modal verb “can”. We learned that we can change a sentence in the simple present tense to the future form by using "will" and the base form of the verb. For example, to change the sentence "I am happy" to the future form, we say "I will be happy." To form a question with the modal auxiliary "will", we invert the subject and "will." We learned that “will” is also sometimes used to ask someone to do something, and is sometimes used to indicate willingness or unwillingness to do something. To form the negative with the verb “will”, we simply insert the negative "not" between "will" and the base form of the verb.

 

Finally, we learned how to use “want”, “prefer” and “would rather” to express likes and preferences. The verbs "to want" and “to prefer” can be used with the infinitive form of another verb, and with nouns or pronouns. “To prefer” is used to express a type of comparison, and it means to like better. The verb “would rather” is not conjugated and is always expressed as “would rather”. It is used with verbs, and never with nouns or pronouns.


Great! Now that you have reviewed each of these concepts, you have reinforced the knowledge you have learned thus far.