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Review Lesson 14

Review Lesson 14

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Review Lesson 14

Hello! We have learned a lot in these last few lessons. Let us take a moment to review what we have learned.

First, we learned to ask the location of things using the questions word “where”, and to use some prepositions of location such as "in, on, over, under," and "beside”. We learned that we use the question word “where” when asking the location of someone or something. We learned that “in” and “on” can be used in both concrete and abstract senses. “In” means inside of something, while “on” means on top of something. The usage of the prepositions "over", "under" and “beside” follows a similar pattern, but are also words which give the position of something in relationship to something else. “Over” means above something, “under” means below something, and “beside” means next to something.

Then, we learned some expressions which consist of a verb and the preposition "to". We grouped expressions that are used in grammatically similar ways in order to explain their use. We learned that the first group of expressions involves interpersonal relationships. These expressions consist of a subject, (usually a person or people,)  a conjugated form of "to be",an adjective,  the preposition "to", and an object, (usually a person or people.) For example, we can say "Jennifer is friendly to the people in her office." In this sentence, "Jennifer" is the subject, "is" is the conjugated form of "to be", "friendly" is the adjective, followed by "to", and "people in her office" is the object. The second group of expressions also involves a conjugated form of "to be", an adjective which looks like a past tense verb, "the preposition "to", and a noun or pronoun.  For example, "David and Jennifer are used to their apartment." A third group of expressions involves a subject, a conjugated verb, the preposition "to", and an object.  In the sentences "David talks to Jennifer." We can easily see that the preposition "to" adds some directionality to the verb – the talking is directed from David to Jennifer.

Finally, we learned about English adverbs of time. Adverbs of time tell us when an event took place, for how long the event took place, or how often the event takes place. In the sentence “You arrived yesterday”, the adverb “yesterday” modifies the verb “arrived” to tell us when the event took place. The adverb of time serves to give more information about when “You arrived”. Notice that because we are talking about something that happened one day ago, we must conjugate our verb into past tense. In the sentence “He will arrive tomorrow”, the adverb “tomorrow” modifies the verb “will arrive” to tell us when the event is taking place. The adverb of time serves to give more information about when “He will arrive”. Notice that because we are talking about an event that is happening in one day, we must conjugate our verb into future tense.

Great! Now that you have reviewed each of these concepts, you have reinforced the knowledge you have learned thus far.