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Simple Future - Going To

Simple Future - Going To

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Simple Future – Going to

Hello! In this lesson we will learn a new way of discussing future events and activities. In previous lessons we have learned how to discuss the past, present, and future. We have also learned to discuss the near future using the present progressive tense. In this lesson, we will learn to discuss the future using the present progressive of the conjugated verb "to be" and "going to" along with another verb to discuss the future. In this usage, the expression "to be going to" means "will". It does not mean "go".
For example, David might say "Jennifer and I are going to eat soon." This simply means "Jennifer and I will eat soon." or "Jennifer and I are eating soon." Although the verb "to be going to" seems to indicate the act of "going", in this expression, it does not have that meaning for English speakers. It simply denotes a future activity or event.
The construction of the expression is the same as the present progressive tense. For example, following is a table of the verb "sing" with "to be going to".
"I am going to sing.
You are going to sing.
They are going to sing.
We are going to sing.
He is going to sing.
She is going to sing.
It is going to sing."
The question form of the expression operates the same way as the present progressive as well:
"Am I going to sing?
Are you going to sing?"
Are they going to sing?
Are we going to sing?
Is he going to sing?
Is she going to sing?
Is it going to sing?"
The expression is also used with the impersonal neuter pronoun "it" for weather predictions or questions regarding the upcoming weather. For example, we can say "It is going to rain." or ask "Is it going to rain?"
Now that we understand how to use the expression "to be going to" to discuss future events and activities, let us listen to the dialog. In this dialog. Jennifer and her sister are going to sing a song they learned when they were in school. David is going to listen.

David: Are you going to sing?
Jennifer: Who is going to listen?
David: I am going to.
Jennifer: My sister and I are going to sing.
David: What are you going to sing?
Jennifer: We learned this song in school.
David: I am going to listen now.

Now that you have heard the dialog, let us take some time to examine each sentence carefully.
At first David asks "Are you going to sing?". Notice that David forms the question by inverting the subject and conjugated form of "to be" which is "are". The usage of the expression "to be going to" implies a plan and an intention. With this question, David is asking if Jennifer has the intention to sing and will sing.
Jennifer asks "Who is going to listen?". With her question, Jennifer is asking who is intending to listen and will listen. She could also have asked "Who will listen?".
David answers " I am going to." This is a short form of the sentence "I am going to listen.". This response tells of David's intention to listen, his plan to listen. He might also have responded, "I will listen." or "I will.".
Jennifer says "My sister and I are going to sing.". Since the subject is plural – "My sister and I" – the verb "to be" is conjugated "are". This response means that Jennifer and her sister have the intention to sing and will sing.
David asks "What are you going to sing?". Notice that the conjugated verb "to be" goes with "you" – since it is a question, we say "are you". The question word "what" is placed before this question – "What are you going to sing?". The question is asking what Jennifer and her sister intend to sing, and will sing.
After Jennifer says that she and her sister learned the song in school, David says "I am going to listen now." . This expression tells of David's intention to listen at this time.
Take a moment to listen to the dialog again. Listen for the varying conjugations of "to be" as the subjects change. Listen for "are going to", "is going to", and "am going to".

David: Are you going to sing?
Jennifer: Who is going to listen?
David: I am going to listen.
Jennifer: My sister and I are going to sing.
David: What are you going to sing?
Jennifer: We learned this song in school.
David: I am going to listen now.

Outstanding! "To be going to" is a helpful expression that expands your ability to discuss intentions and plans. Use it in your English conversations to discuss your plans and ideas about the future. Use it to find out about the weather, and to inquire about the intentions and plans of others.