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The Verb - To Be - Simple Questions

The Verb - To Be - Simple Questions

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Requirements

The verb “to be”

Part 2:Simple questions



Hello! In this lesson, we will learn how to use the verb “to be” to form simple questions in the present tense. This is a very common type of question in English and mastering it will greatly enhance your abilities in English conversation.

As you will recall from Lesson 3, conjugating a verb refers to showing all the possible forms that a verb may take in a particular verb tense. First, let us look once again at how the verb “to be” is conjugated in the present tense.

To Be (present tense)

I am

you are

he is

she is

we are

they are


Notice again how each pronoun has a corresponding conjugation of the verb. For example, the conjugation of the verb “to be” for the pronoun “I” is “am”, and for the pronoun “we” is “are”. You must memorize each of these conjugations because you will use them in every English conversation that you ever have.

As we learned in the last , the verb “to be” may be used to make a declarative statement, which is a statement of fact. An example of using the verb “to be” to make a declarative statement is:
“You are hungry.”

It is possible to change the order of the pronoun and the conjugated form of the verb “to be”, in order to create a simple question. Using this method, the declarative statement, “You are hungry.” is rearranged to form the simple question, “Are you hungry?” Notice how all that has occurred to change from a declarative statement to a simple question is the order of the pronoun and the conjugated form of the verb “to be”.
Let us now look at another example of converting a declarative statement into a simple question.

“They are tired.” is a declarative statement. It becomes a question when reordered to become “Are they tired?”


Now that we have a basic understanding of how to form simple questions using the verb “to be”, let us become more familiar with its use by looking at several examples. We will start with a declarative statement and then convert it into a simple question.

“She is pretty.”

becomes “Is she pretty?”


“He is old.”

becomes “Is he old?”


“We are ready.”

becomes “Are we ready?”


“You are happy.”

becomes “Are you happy?”


“I am pretty.”

becomes “Am I pretty?”

We can see from this exercise how all that is needed to change from a declarative statement to a simple question is the order of the pronoun and the conjugated form of the verb “to be”.

Now that you have a basic understanding of creating simple questions from declarative statements with the verb “to be”, it is your turn to practice speaking in English.