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Review Lesson 15

Review Lesson 15

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Review Lesson 15


Hello! We have learned a lot in these last few lessons. Let us take a moment to review what we have learned.

First, we learned about the present progressive tense.  The present progressive is used to discuss events that are ongoing as well as events in the near future. The present progressive tense is formed with the conjugated "to be" verb and the base form of a verb plus "-ing" at the end. To form questions with the present progressive, we invert the subject and conjugated verb "to be". We learned that verbs which end with a consonant following a single vowel may double the final consonant before adding "-ing". In these verbs, the syllable in which the consonant is doubled is the stressed syllable of the word. By contrast, verbs which have a consonant following a single vowel in which the syllable is not stressed do not always double the final consonant. In these verbs, the first syllable is stressed.

Then, we learned about conjunctive adverbs. A conjunctive adverb is an adverb that connects two clauses. Conjunctive adverbs show cause and effect, sequence, contrast, comparison, or other relationships. Some conjunctive adverbs which show cause and effect are "as a result", "consequently", "so", and "therefore". Some conjunctive adverbs which show sequence are "again", "next", "subsequently", "then", and "finally". The conjunctive adverbs "however" and "nevertheless" show contrast. The conjunctive adverb "similarly" shows comparison.

Then, we learned a future tense using the present progressive of the conjugated verb "to be" and "going to" along with a verb in the infinitive to discuss the future. In this usage, the expression "to be going to" means "will" rather than “go”. We learned that “to be going to" is a helpful expression that expands our ability to discuss intentions and plans. Although the verb "to be going to" seems to indicate the act of "going", in this expression, it does not have that meaning for English speakers. It simply denotes a future activity or event. The construction of the expression “to be going to” is the same as the present progressive tense. The expression is also used with the impersonal neuter pronoun "it" for weather predictions or questions regarding the upcoming weather.

Finally, we learned about the prepositions “before” and “after” which are generally used with time phrases. These prepositions can be used in both concrete and abstract ways. We learned that we can join two past tense, present tense, or future times clauses together with these words, as well as specific time phrases. We learned that we can use these prepositions to plan for events and explain when events will take place.

Great! Now that you have reviewed each of these concepts, you have reinforced the knowledge you have learned thus far.