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Preposition - Through

Preposition - Through

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Preposition – through

Hello! In this lesson, we will learn to use the preposition "through". In previous lessons, we have learned to use the prepositions "to, from, with, in, on, over, under," and "beside" to tell about the locations of people and things. It means: in at one end, side, or surface and out at the other. Using its literal meaning, we could say, for example, "David drives through a tunnel every day.". The preposition "through" is also used for less obvious meanings. It is also used to mean past, or beyond. Using the preposition "through" in this way, we could say "David went through a red light yesterday.". It is also used to mean: from one to the other of; between or among the individual members or parts of. Using the preposition "through" with this meaning in mind, we could say "Jennifer goes through the office assignments every morning.". The preposition "through" also means: over the surface of, by way of, or within the limits or medium of. Using the preposition through in this way, we could say "The airplane flies through the air." or "The train travels through the Southwest.". The preposition has a usage in time that is analogous to its literal sense. It means: during the whole period of; throughout. We might say "The work group worked through the night.". It can mean: having reached the end of; done with. For example, we could say "David got through his work.". It can mean: to and including. For example, we use the preposition "through" to show inclusive days, months or years. The sentence "Jennifer works Monday through Friday." means that Jennifer works every day beginning with Monday and ending with Friday and inclusive of those two days. Sometimes the preposition "through" can be used to mean: by the means or instrumentality of; by the way or agency of. For example, we could say "Jennifer got her promotion through hard work.".
Sometimes the word "through" is used to mean: finished. In that case, we can say "I am through with my work."
Now that we understand the meaning of the preposition "through", let us listen to a dialog.

Jennifer: You are home! What time did you get through your work?
David: A long time ago – I could not get through traffic.
Jennifer: You worked Monday morning through Saturday night.
David: I can get a promotion –- through hard work.
Jennifer: You worked through the night last night!
David: But now I am through.
Jennifer: Great! We have one day of weekend left – what do you want to do?
David: Sleep!

When David finally arrives home on Saturday night, Jennifer begins the conversation by saying "You are home! What time did you get through your work?". Jennifer could have used the word "through" in another way in this question. She could have asked "What time did you get through with your work?". She could also have also asked "What time did you finish your work?".
David answers "A long time ago. I could not get through traffic.". David could have said "I finished my work a lot time ago. I could not get past all the traffic." or "I was stuck in traffic." or "There was a lot of traffic.".
Jennifer reminds David of how much he has been working when she says "You worked Monday morning through Saturday night.". With this statement, she means that David started working on Monday morning and worked until the end of Saturday night. Since she uses the word "through", she does not need to say "You worked Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday, and Saturday night.".
David knows that he is working a lot, but he also knows that hard work is the only way he will make headway in his job. He says "I can get a promotion – through hard work.". He could have said "The only way I can get a promotion is through hard work." Or "The best way to get a promotion is through hard work.".
Jennifer says "You worked through the night last night!". She could have said "You worked all night last night!". She means that David worked (translate: through the night) last night.
David reminds her that he is finally finished when he says "But now I am through.". He could have said "But now I am finished with the work." or "Now I am done working.".
Jennifer is happy that they still have a day weekend left. She says "Great! We have one day of weekend left – what do you want to do?" to which David replies "Sleep!". He could have said "I want to sleep!".
Now that we have an idea of how to use the preposition "through", let us listen to the dialog again. Listen for the various usages of the preposition "through" with its various meanings.

Jennifer: You are home! What time did you get through your work?
David: A long time ago – I could not get through traffic.
Jennifer: You worked Monday morning through Saturday night.
David: I can get a promotion –- through hard work.
Jennifer: You worked through the night last night!
David: But now I am through.
Jennifer: Great! We have one day of weekend left – what do you want to do?
David: Sleep!

Super! You have learned to use the preposition "through". You can speak better English – through practice!"